Gout is a painful type of arthritis and is caused by the urate crystals that are deposited in joints. Modern treatment of gout is based mostly on medicines but appropriate diet can still help a lot. A good eating plan can help you prevent the disease, as well.
Factors that precipitate the disease attack
People who suffer from gout produce bigger amount of urate than healthy ones , excrete less uric acid and have raised blood urate levels. Both urate and uric acid are breakdown products of compounds called purines. These compounds originate from body synthesis and dietary protein. However, there are plenty of factors that can higher the risk of goat attack.
One of the most important is overweight as a lot of people suffering from gout are overweight or obese. Also drinking too much alcohol can make you suffer from gout attacks. Overindulgence of alcohol can precipitate the attack, as well as drugs that lower the excretion of urates. If you want to avoid the pain you should also give up eating a lot of rich in purine foods, like meat or fish. Also strict low-calorie diets shouldn’t be used as diet in gout as blood urate levels rise quickly when daily calorie intake is too low.
What to eat with gout
First of all, to lower the risk of gout attack you should eat less meat, poultry and fish as those foods are high in purine. It’s a good idea to limit the intake to maximum 6 ounces a day. Do not include these products in your gout diet:
Another thing to limit is saturated fat as it decreases the ability of your body to treat with uric acid. Remember to choose low-fat dairy and eat a lot of beans and legumes. Avoiding saturated fat can also help you keep your body in a good shape what not only can make you attractive but reduces the risk of gout attack as well – as the disease is linked closely with overweight.
You shouldn’t also drink much alcohol, especially beer. Studies show that this particular drink can higher the risk of gout attacks. What’s more, every alcohol drink reduces body’s ability to eliminate the uric acid. But there’s also a good news. When not having the attack, you can drink some wine – up to 300 milliliters a day.
You can also drink juices but only if they are 100 percent fruit. Most of juice drinks are sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup that can increase uric acid. You should avoid other foods containing high-fructose corn syrup, as well. The best drink to include in gout purine diet is just water and you should drink it a lot as fluids help eliminate uric acid from your body. It is advisable to drink more than 10 glasses a day. Some experts believe that drinking coffee may lower gout risk as well. If you like coffee, let yourself drink 4 to 6 cups a day.
A day on the Gout Diet
If you suffer from gout and want to know how to compose an effective gout treatment diet menu, here is a good example (source: http://www.mayoclinic.com):
- Whole-grain, unsweetened cereal with skim or low-fat milk, topped with fresh fruit
- Whole-wheat toast with trans-free margarine
- 100 percent fruit juice
- Lean meat, poultry or fish (2 to 3 ounces) sandwich on whole-wheat bread, with lettuce, tomato and low-fat spread
- Carrot and celery sticks, side salad or vegetable soup
- Fresh fruit, such as apple, orange or pear
- Skim or low-fat milk
- Baked or roasted chicken (2 to 3 ounces)
- Steamed vegetables
- Baked potato with low-fat sour cream
- Green salad with tomatoes and low-fat dressing
- Fresh fruit, such as berries or melon
- Nonalcoholic beverage, such as water or tea
If you are not overweight or obese you can add some snacks to your gout diet foods list. The best choice are fruits, veggies and whole grains.